“Unwritten Rules of Social Relationships; Decoding Social Mysteries Through the Unique Perspectives of Autism,” is written By Temple Grandin and Sean Barron, with input and editing by Veronica Zysk. This is a remarkable book. It is quite unlike any other autism-related book I have read. It is challenging, confronting, and important. I’m going to try to explain why I highly recommend this book, and to which part of the population.
First though, a warning. When you start the book you may not want to finish it: It starts off highly repetitive, and rather disjointed, not least of all because there are three voices throughout the text. I found it very irritating at first, until I started to appreciate the brilliance of the approach:
Through the use of multiple voices, there is the chance to appreciate and understand the diverse experiences and perspectives of those with autism. Both Temple and Sean have autism, but their internal lived experiences of autism are very different, with Temple being highly logical and Sean being highly emotional. Though they come from such different perspectives, autism created the same group of social challenges in their lives; reading about those different experiences of the same challenges, creates one more tool for better understanding where your child’s (or your own) issues arise and how to best deal with them.
Even the initial high repetition in the book serves a purpose: Repetition is a key method of learning for autistic individuals, and this book is as much aimed at them as at therapists, teachers, and parents. It also helps to generally drive home the points made.
(I do think the book suffered from some poor editing at the start quite independently of these considerations, but the book improves as it goes regardless, so please don’t give up in the first few chapters.)
What this book has to offer, is of benefit to a wide group of people. It is going to be of most use to those who work with people who have autism, and autistic people themselves, if the autism at issue is of the high-functioning variety, where the individual is “advanced” enough for social relationships to be a key and perhaps the key issue in the person’s life. Having said that, related barriers of anxiety and sensory issues are also frequently discussed and put into the broader context of how they can impact on social success. The use of medication in teenagers and adults also comes up a lot, again in regards to how it can ease the road towards better social relationships for some autistic individuals.
As a parent, I do suggest getting and reading this book to help you better understand your autistic child, well before they become autistic teenagers and adults. As the book emphasizes, the skills needed to do well socially, can and should be identified and taught from a young age, and most especially before adolescence when many social issues become more intense.
The book is useful to a much wider audience too. It will be eye-opening for those unfamiliar with autism, and will be useful to those who struggle with social skills quite independently of any link with autism as a condition. The message that everyone should be taught social skills and coping strategies, is one quite rightly emphasized a number of times in the book.
There are more lessons to be learnt from this book than I could do justice in a review, but there are a few I want to briefly introduce, to show you how valuable this book is as a resource.
First, recognising the difference between teaching a child (and expecting them to understand) social behaviour, versus expecting them to understand the emotional relatedness behind / attached to that behaviour: It is important to learn and know social rules if you want to succeed at school, at work, and in relationships (and generally have a happier and more successful life). Those rules can be taught without requiring someone to also grasp the “correct” emotion behind it and to experience the right emotions for the social situation. Conflating the two together can overcomplicate the teaching task, and potentially set the child (or adult) up for failure. I found that point very insightful and important, and very obviously underappreciated in many situations I have seen and read about when it comes to teaching social skills.
Some other interesting points made throughout the book, that I found particularly helpful to read about: The importance of teaching an autistic child that everyone makes mistakes; that rules are not absolute (but are rather situation based); and the division between public and private behaviour. Those are just three of the “ten unwritten rules” that guide the book’s discussion.
There is a very useful discussion at the end of the book about understanding and coping with anger, which many autistic people experience and deal with poorly. The perspectives of other autistic adults (beyond Temple and Sean) are pulled in at this point to talk about why and how they experienced anger, and how much their lives improved when they found ways to diffuse such an unhelpful and isolating emotion. There is discussion about the “righteous anger” I’ve very often encountered from autistic people on the internet, in an opinion by Jennifer McIlwee Myers, that I found enlightening. Jennifer talks about how this righteous anger harms the person carrying it around, to no benefit, and how raging at those around you makes you into your own enemy, and will turn people away from your cause. She also identified how hard it is to get autistic people to understand this point:
“It has to be explained very carefully and in a gentle, non-accusatory way. Sometimes even the best explanations don’t help. For me there came a point at which I had to decide which I loved more: my self-righteousness or my happiness. You can’t have both.”
Reading about these levels of anger and the fact that they frequently are a result of social challenges and “attribution error,” has very much improved my understanding of what I am encountering when I come up against this very aggressive hard-line attitude online. It’s also helped me understand that I am better off walking away from people caught up in that level of hatred, rather than attempting to engage and change minds, no matter how good my intentions; helping them is beyond my level of expertise. I need to focus on helping my own son, not least of all to try to avoid him taking on an understanding and view of the world that would similarly leave him vulnerable to such destructive anger.
Don’t expect this book to offer you miracle solutions (there are none), or give you a step-by-step guide to fixing the social skills issues. What it will do is help you to understand and identify the challenges, and suggest some methods and further reading to find those solutions. What works for one autistic individual, may not work for the next, and that is part of the value of the multiple writer format of this book: The multiple perspectives and experiences that helps you to understand both the diversity, and the similarities in autism.
The last message I want to share with you from this book, is an important one, and again is reinforced throughout the text: Social skills are a life-long journey. It can be hard to gain them, hard to use them, and the journey never ends; there is no “end point.” But the rewards for trying and achieving social skills, can be life-changing, in more ways than I previously understood.
This book will change how you view social skills, it will give you insights to your child and yourself. You may not like everything you read in it, but you will learn from it, in ways that I think are incredibly helpful and hopeful.
*I bought this book with my own money, from The Book Depository UK, where it happens to currently be on special for $27.72 NZ. No one asked me to write this review, no one gave me any incentive to write this review. These views are completely and honestly my own. Now go buy it! *